Open pollination is pollination by insects, birds, wind, or other natural mechanisms, and contrasts with cleistogamy, closed pollination, which is one of the many types of self pollination. Open pollination also contrasts with controlled pollination, which is controlled so that all seeds of a crop are descended from parents with known traits, and are therefore more likely to have the desired traits.
- Kearns, C.A.; Inouye, D.W. 1993. Techniques for pollination biologists. University Press of Colorado, Niwot, CO. Ben Watson. "Hybrid or Open Pollinated". Gardening Articles: Care :: Seeds & Propagation. National Gardening Association. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 2008-03-17.
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